Fast Facts

Capital: Moscow

Area: 17,075,400 square kilometers (6,592,850 square miles)

Population: 144 221 341 (2016)

Density: 8.4/km2

Language: Russian (official) 96.3%, Dolgang 5.3%, German 1.5%, Chechen 1%, Tatar 3%, other 10.3% (2010 est.)

Ethnicity/race: Russian 77.7%, Tatar 3.7%, Ukrainian 1.4%, Bashkir 1.1%, Chuvash 1%, Chechen 1%, other 10.2%, unspecified 3.9% (2010)

Religion: Russian Orthodox, Muslim, other

Currency: Russian ruble

Life Expectancy: 65

GDP: $3.685 trillion

GDP per capita: $25,185

Literacy Percent: 100


Industry: Mining and extractive industries, machine building, shipbuilding, road and rail transportation equipment, communications equipment

Agriculture: Grain, sugar beets, sunflower seed, vegetables; beef

Exports: Petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, wood and wood products, metals, fur.


Railways: total: 87,157 km (2006).

Highways: total: 1,283,387 km paved: 927,721 km (includes 39,143 km of expressways) unpaved: 355,666 km note: includes public and departmental roads (2012).

Waterways: Waterways 102,000 km (including 33,000 km with guaranteed depth) note: 72,000 km system in European Russia links Baltic Sea, White Sea, Caspian Sea, Sea of Azov, and Black Sea (2009).

Ports and harbors: Aleksandrovsk-Sakhalinsky, Arkhangel'sk, Astrakhan', De-Kastri, Indigirskiy, Kaliningrad, Kandalaksha, Kazan', Khabarovsk, Kholmsk, Krasnoyarsk, Lazarev, Mago, Mezen', Moscow, Murmansk, Nakhodka, Nevel'sk, Novorossiysk, Onega, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy, Rostov, Shakhtersk, Saint Petersburg, Sochi, Taganrog, Tuapse, Uglegorsk, Vanino, Vladivostok, Volgograd, Vostochnyy, Vyborg.

Airports: 1,218 (2013).

Politics of Russian Federation

Government: Federal semi-presidential constitutional republic

President of Russia


Federation Council (Upper House)

State Duma (Lower House)

Russian Permanent Mission to the U.N.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia